What Is Tooth Enamel?

What is enamel?

Tooth enamel is the outermost shell of a tooth. It is the hardest tissue in the human body, and is translucent. The enamel helps to protect the tooth from daily use (chewing, crunching, grinding). It acts as an insulator to the tooth from harmful temperatures and or chemicals. Enamel has no living cells. 


Although enamel is the hardest tissue in the body, it can still crack and break and erode. Enamel erosion is caused by acid eating away at the teeth. Acid is found in soft drinks, fruit drinks, and some medications. The enamel on the tooth is eroded by the acid and weakened. Once this happens it is easier to continue to damage the enamel. Since enamel has no living cells it can not heal itself. 


The enamel on your teeth is very important in protecting and keeping your teeth healthy. Enamel can not rebuild itself but here are some tricks that can help to strengthen and protect the enamel on your teeth. 

  • Fluoride Toothpaste
    • Fluoride helps to strengthen the enamel on your teeth. Make sure that your toothpaste contains fluoride.
  • Toothbrush
    • Brushing too hard can start to wear and tear your enamel. Make sure to use gentle strokes with a soft bristle toothbrush. 
  • Water
    • Swish water around your mouth after you eat. Most tap water contains fluoride that strengthens and prevents erosion of your enamel. Water is the best thing to drink.
  • Eat/Drink 
    • Cut down on acidic foods and drinks. Acid erodes the enamel. Soda, citrus fruits, and fruit juices all contain acid. Make sure to not eat or drink a ton of acidic things without brushing and rinsing your teeth.
  • Calcium
    • Calcium helps to strengthen the enamel on your teeth. Eat cheese or drink a glass of milk as often as you can!
  • Dentist
    • Visit your Dentist every 6 months for regular checkups. Ask your Dentist about your enamel and how they recommend strengthening it. 

Here at Summer Dental we want our patients to have the smile they want and deserve. Come see us today to protect your teeth and ensure your smile is happy and healthy. Call or text to schedule an appointment!